(पथरी की समस्या )
- By Dr Vikas Singh,
M.B.B.S., M.S., M.Ch.
Urologist, Genito Uro Oncologist and Kidney Transplant Surgeon,
Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore.
Kidney stones are a common problem that affects millions of people worldwide. They are hard, crystalline deposits that form in the kidneys, and can cause severe pain and discomfort. Kidney stones are often caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, diet, and lifestyle choices. In this article, we will explore some of the most frequently asked questions about kidney stones and their prevention.
What are kidney stones, and what causes them?
Kidney stones are hard, crystalline deposits that form in the kidneys. They are often caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, diet, and lifestyle choices. Certain medical conditions, such as hyperparathyroidism and Crohn's disease, can also increase the risk of developing kidney stones.
How common are the kidney stones in the region of western and central India and Indore?
This part of India has slightly dry environment leading to evaporation of body water through sweat. This lead to intermittent dehydration inside our body which further leads to concentrated urine production. This concentrated urine ultimately gets converted into small crystals which further leads to formation of kidney stones. Although kidney stones are more common in the state of Rajasthan and Gujarat as these places are even more drier, and as Indore is closer to these places we see a lot of kidney stone cases in our region also.
What are the symptoms of kidney stones?
The symptoms of kidney stones can vary depending on the size and location of the stone. Some common symptoms include:
Severe pain in the side or back
Pain that radiates to the groin or abdomen
Nausea and vomiting
Painful urination, Burining in urination
Blood in the urine
How are kidney stones diagnosed?
Kidney stones are typically diagnosed using a combination of medical history, physical exam, and imaging tests. Imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, and ultrasounds can help to identify the presence of kidney stones. Most commonly the first test that I perform in a suspected patient of kidney stone is ultrasonography followed by a urine test.
How are kidney stones treated?
The treatment of kidney stones depends on the size and location of the stone. In some cases, smaller stones may pass through the urinary tract on their own without the need for intervention. However, larger stones may require medical treatment, such as ureteroscopy, or percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Here it is important to note that only size of the stone does not matter it is also important to consider the position and situation of the stone and the damage that it is causing to the kidney. Even very small stone can cause a lot of infection in the kidney leading to kidney damage. So it is prudent to meet your Urologist, understand the situation and size of the kidney stone, possibility of it's expulsion by itself, and merits and demerits of getting it removed by a procedure.
What are the different operations available at Kokilaben Hospital Indore for kidney stones?
At Kokilaben Hospital Indore, we have all types of kidney you later and bladder stone surgeries. Most of these surgeries involve use of most advanced laser in the world for stone removal. We are doing RIRS, miniPCNL, URS, PCCL, PCNL, laparoscopic surgeries and open surgeries.
Can kidney stones be prevented?
Yes, there are several things that you can do to help prevent the formation of kidney stones. Some of these include:
Drinking plenty of water to stay hydrated
Eating a healthy, balanced diet that is low in salt and animal protein
Avoiding sugary drinks and excessive caffeine
Limiting intake of oxalate-rich foods such as spinach, rhubarb, and chocolate
Getting regular exercise
Taking medication as prescribed by your doctor to manage underlying medical conditions that may increase the risk of kidney stones
Are there any natural remedies that can help prevent kidney stones?
There are some natural remedies that may help to prevent the formation of kidney stones. These include:
Drinking plenty of water to stay hydrated
Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, which can help to increase urine pH and reduce the risk of kidney stone formation
Taking magnesium supplements, which may help to prevent the formation of calcium oxalate stones
Can certain foods or drinks cause kidney stones?
Yes, certain foods and drinks can increase the risk of kidney stone formation. Some of these include:
High-sodium foods such as processed foods, fast foods, and canned foods
Animal protein, including red meat, poultry, and fish
Oxalate-rich foods such as spinach, cucumber and chocolate
Sugary drinks and excessive caffeine
Can kidney stones lead to other health problems?
In some cases, kidney stones can lead to other health problems, such as urinary tract infections or damage to the kidneys. It is important to seek medical treatment if you experience symptoms of kidney stones or if you have a history of kidney stones.