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Male Infertility

- By Dr Vikas Singh,
M.B.B.S., M.S., M.Ch.
Urologist, Genito Uro Oncologist and Kidney Transplant Surgeon,
Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore.

Infertility treatment is for male is done by Urologist. Dr Vikas is the best male infertility doctor in Indore.

Male infertility refers to the inability of a man to impregnate a woman despite regular, unprotected sexual intercourse. It can be due to various factors such as low sperm count, abnormal sperm shape or movement, hormonal imbalances, and structural problems.


What are the causes of male infertility?

There are several possible causes of male infertility. Some of the most common ones include:

  1. Low sperm count: When a man's semen contains fewer than 15 million sperm per milliliter, it is considered low. This can be due to various factors such as hormonal imbalances, genetic defects, infections, or exposure to toxins.

  2. Abnormal sperm shape or movement: If a man's sperm is not shaped or moving properly, it may not be able to fertilize an egg. This can be due to genetic defects, infections, or other factors.

  3. Hormonal imbalances: Certain hormonal imbalances, such as low testosterone levels, can affect a man's fertility.

  4. Structural problems: Structural problems such as blockages in the ducts that carry sperm can prevent sperm from being ejaculated properly.

  5. Environmental factors: Exposure to toxins, radiation, or other environmental factors can also affect a man's fertility.


What are the symptoms of male infertility?

In most cases, male infertility does not have any obvious symptoms. However, some men may experience:

  1. Problems with ejaculation, such as premature ejaculation or retrograde ejaculation (when semen goes into the bladder instead of out through the penis).

  2. Low sex drive or difficulty maintaining an erection.

  3. Pain, swelling, or lumps in the testicles.

  4. Decreased body or facial hair.

  5. Changes in voice or other signs of hormonal imbalances.


How is male infertility diagnosed?

Male infertility is diagnosed through a series of tests, which may include:

  1. Semen analysis: A sample of the man's semen is analyzed in a laboratory to check for sperm count, shape, and movement.

  2. Hormone testing: Blood tests are done to check for hormonal imbalances that could be affecting fertility.

  3. Genetic testing: If there is a family history of infertility or other genetic disorders, genetic testing may be done.

  4. Imaging tests: Ultrasound or other imaging tests may be done to check for structural problems.


What are the treatment options for male infertility?

The treatment for male infertility depends on the underlying cause. Some possible options include:

  1. Medications: Certain medications can help to correct hormonal imbalances or treat infections that may be affecting fertility.

  2. Surgery: Surgery may be necessary to correct structural problems or to remove blockages in the ducts that carry sperm.

  3. Assisted reproductive techniques: In some cases, techniques such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF) may be used to help fertilize an egg.

  4. Lifestyle changes: Making changes to your lifestyle, such as quitting smoking or reducing alcohol consumption, can sometimes improve fertility.


Can male infertility be prevented?

In some cases, male infertility can be prevented by making certain lifestyle changes. For example:

  1. Quitting smoking and reducing alcohol consumption can improve fertility.

  2. Avoiding exposure to toxins, radiation, and other environmental factors can also help to prevent infertility.

  3. Maintaining a healthy weight and getting regular exercise can also improve fertility.

  4. Using protection during sexual intercourse can help to prevent sexually transmitted infections that could affect fertility.


In conclusion, male infertility is a common problem that affects many men. It can be caused by various factors, and the symptoms may not be obvious. However, there are several treatments available, depending on the underlying cause, and lifestyle changes can sometimes help to prevent infertility. If you are experiencing difficulty conceiving, it is important

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