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Erectile Dysfunction

- By Dr Vikas Singh,
M.B.B.S., M.S., M.Ch.
Urologist, Genito Uro Oncologist and Kidney Transplant Surgeon,
Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore.

Erectile dysfunction, also known as impotence, is a condition in which a man has difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse. This can be a temporary or chronic problem and can occur at any age, although it is more common in older men.


What are the causes of ED?

ED can be caused by a variety of physical and psychological factors. Common physical causes include heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, smoking, alcoholism, and certain prescription medications. Psychological causes can include stress, anxiety, depression, and relationship problems.


How is ED diagnosed?

A diagnosis of ED is typically made through a physical exam and medical history, as well as laboratory tests to check for underlying health conditions. A healthcare provider may also ask about symptoms and sexual history to help identify the cause of ED.


What are the treatment options for ED?

Treatment for ED depends on the underlying cause of the condition. Lifestyle changes such as exercising, losing weight, and quitting smoking may improve erectile function. Medications such as sildenafil, tadalafil , and vardenafil can also help increase blood flow to the penis and improve erectile function. Other treatment options may include vacuum pumps, injections, or surgery.


Is ED a normal part of aging?

While ED is more common in older men, it is not a normal part of aging. Many men can still have satisfying sexual relationships well into their 70s and 80s. However, as men age, they may be more likely to experience health conditions that can contribute to ED, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or heart disease.

Can Erectile Dysfunction Be Prevented?

There are several lifestyle changes you can make to reduce your risk of ED, including:

  1. Eating a healthy diet: A diet that is high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can help improve overall health and reduce the risk of ED.

  2. Exercising regularly: Regular exercise can help improve cardiovascular health and reduce the risk of ED.

  3. Managing stress: Stress can contribute to ED, so finding ways to manage stress such as yoga, meditation, or deep breathing exercises can be helpful.

  4. Avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption: Both tobacco and alcohol can increase the risk of ED, so avoiding these substances can be helpful in preventing the condition.

  5. Treating underlying medical conditions: Managing underlying medical conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and cholesterol can help reduce the risk of ED.

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