Blood in Urine (Hematuria)
- By Dr Vikas Singh,
M.B.B.S., M.S., M.Ch.
Urologist, Genito Uro Oncologist and Kidney Transplant Surgeon,
Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Indore.
Blood in the urine, also known as hematuria, is a common condition that can be a sign of a variety of underlying health issues. This brochure is designed to provide patients with important information about blood in the urine, including its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options.
What is Blood in Urine?
Blood in the urine is a condition in which red blood cells are present in the urine, giving it a pink or red color. This can be caused by a number of different factors, including urinary tract infections, kidney stones, bladder or prostate cancer, and other underlying health conditions.
What are the Symptoms of Blood in Urine?
The most common symptom of blood in urine is pink or red urine. Some patients may also experience pain or discomfort during urination, frequent urination, or a feeling of urgency to urinate.
What Causes Blood in Urine?
Blood in urine can be caused by a variety of different factors, including:
Urinary tract infections: Bacteria in the urinary tract can cause inflammation and bleeding, leading to blood in the urine.
Kidney stones: Hard mineral deposits can form in the kidneys and cause pain and bleeding when they pass through the urinary tract.
Bladder or prostate cancer: Cancerous cells in the bladder or prostate can cause bleeding in the urine.
Enlarged prostate: An enlarged prostate can put pressure on the urethra and cause bleeding.
Inherited disorders: In some cases, blood in urine can be caused by inherited disorders that affect the kidneys, such as Alport syndrome or sickle cell disease.
How is Blood in Urine Diagnosed?
Blood in urine is typically diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and diagnostic tests. These tests may include a urine test, a blood test, imaging tests such as a CT scan or ultrasound, or a biopsy to examine tissue samples from the bladder or prostate.
What are the Treatment Options for Blood in Urine?
The treatment options for blood in urine will depend on the underlying cause of the condition. In some cases, no treatment may be necessary, as the condition may resolve on its own. However, if an underlying condition is identified, treatment may be necessary to address the underlying cause and prevent further complications.
Treatment options may include antibiotics for urinary tract infections, medication to manage pain and discomfort, or surgery to remove kidney stones or cancerous cells.
What are the Complications of Blood in Urine?
In some cases, blood in urine may be a sign of a more serious underlying condition. Complications may include:
Chronic kidney disease: If left untreated, conditions such as kidney stones or urinary tract infections can cause chronic kidney disease.
Bladder or prostate cancer: Blood in the urine can be a sign of bladder or prostate cancer, which can be life-threatening if left untreated.
Infection: In some cases, blood in urine can be a sign of a serious infection, which can spread to other parts of the body if left untreated.
When Should I See a Doctor?
If you notice blood in your urine, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible. While blood in urine is not always a sign of a serious health condition, it is important to rule out underlying conditions and receive appropriate treatment if necessary.
You should also see a doctor if you experience any other symptoms, such as pain or discomfort during urination, frequent urination, or a feeling of urgency to urinate.
Blood in urine can be a sign of a variety of underlying health conditions, including urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and bladder or prostate cancer. If you notice blood in your urine, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible to rule out underlying conditions and receive appropriate treatment if necessary. With prompt diagnosis and treatment, many cases